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Glossary of Terms

Academic Year - An "academic year or its equivalent" is defined as one complete school year or two half years that are:

  • from different school years, excluding the summer sessions
  • complete>
  • consecutive, and>
  • Generally fall within a 12-month period.

Accreditation - Accreditation in higher education is defined as a collegial process based on self- and peer assessment for public accountability and improvement of academic quality.

Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) - A statistical technique used to determine if statistically significant differences exists between two or more groups (gender, ethnicity, student classification, etc…) on a continuous variable (GPA, SAT scores, etc…).

Axial coding - the researcher identifies one open coding category to focus on (called the core phenomenon), then goes back to the data and creates categories around this core phenomenon