Lecture: Gospel, Soul, and Motown
Thomas A. Dorsey
The Father of Gospel Music
Your text describes it well:
Blues and Gospel are the parents of Soul
It is also described as a new gospel-based form of black rock
The Hardest Working Man in Show Business
The Godfather of Soul
notice the 12-bar blues form in the song he sings
"I Got You" listen
We have a tendency to pidgeonhole musical styles for the purposes of description or association.
Here's a great example of what could happen if we could just get over ourselves!!
These 2 Great Musicians both passed away recently (Brown 2006, Pavarotti 2007)
James Brown and Luciano Pavarotti watch
The Queen of Soul
The first woman inducted into the
Rock and Roll Hall of Fame
"I Never Loved a Man" watch
"Georgia on my Mind" watch
(became the official state song of Georgia)
"I've Got a Woman" listen
Check the gospel roots of this song
"It Must Be Jesus" listen
Meanwhile, in Detroit, (Motor City, U.S.A.)
In Memphis, blues and country mixed into rockabilly and then morphed into soul for a unique sound that came to be known as
the Stax style. watch
Booker T. & the MGs
"In the Midnight Hour" listen
"Sitting on the Dock of the Bay" listen
Sam and Dave
"Soul Man" listen
(1929 - )
Founded Motown Records in 1959
His production style was formulaic:
Find the winning combination of songwriters,
style and performers, and crank out the hits!
Berry Gordy bought a house in Detroit and converted the downstairs into a record company and the basement into a recording studio.
He named it Hitsville, USA
the "Motown Sound" was very successful and Motown Records became a powerhouse!
Here is a Timeline that shows the Motown story
(Be patient with loading)
The Four Tops
"Come See About Me" listen
Smokey Robinson and the Miracles
"I Heard It Through the Grapevine" listen
Gladys Knight and the Pips
"My Girl" listen
"Signed, Sealed, Delivered" listen
The Jackson Five
"I Want You Back" watch
What a talent Michael was . . and so early!
What was the "Motown Sound"?
Here is a great link for an overview of this phenomenal music factory:
The Motown Story
Created and maintained by Vicky V. Johnson