Foundations of Music Education
APA Formatting Writing
Please choose one of the topics below:
The Cognitive Properties of Music
Where does music actually come from in our brains? What is the process? Why has it evolved?
Contemporary Music Project
Current Topics in Music Teacher Preparation
What are the hot topics in the discipline? What is being addressed currently? What are the controversies within the discipline of music teacher preparation?
The Educational Value of Popular Music
Four Educational Methodologies: Dalcroze, Orff, Kodaly, Gordon
Don't just summarize each. Compare, analyze, differentiate, etc.
The Influence of Religion in Public School Music Education
Covert or overt? The role of the music educator? Is there a balance? What does research say?
Is Music Advocacy Legitimate?
Must we associate music education with increased academic success? Is that even legitimate? What about music for its own sake?
Is Secondary Music Education Elitist?
Are we educating only a select few in our high schools? Are ensemble programs to blame? How could secondary music education be more inclusive
Manhattanville Music Curriculum Project
The Pestalozzian Philosophy of Music Education
Praxis Music Education
The Purposes of Music
What is it actually "good for"? What does research really say?
Tanglewood Symposium and the "Go" Project
Testing Musical Aptitude
What is talent? Can anyone be a musician? What is required?
World Musics in Music Education
Note: The notes under the titles are not intended to be questions required to be answered, but to suggest some directions that your paper might go. Remember that a 5-7 page paper must necessarily have a definite focus. Don't try to cover too much or your treatment will be shallow.
Research Paper Content
Format in APA style (parenthetical citations)
Cover your topic thoroughly.
Research your topic. Justify any conclusions. Opinions should be absent or kept to a minimum.
Write for clarity. You will understand your topic better than your classmates, so make sure you don't get so hung up on details that they miss the point.
Proof-read your paper for punctuation, syntax, spelling, and grammar. Speak it aloud for understanding!
Paper should be 5-7 pages in length, excluding the references and abstract
One inch margins, double-spaced, 12 point Times New Roman font (refer to the APA Manual for other specifics)
References at the end.
Parts of the Paper
You've been doing this all semester, so no sweat!
An abstract is not an introduction. If you write it first, you will not have a good introduction. Write your abstract last!! It is a very short summary of your topic and your findings.
Nail the focus of your topic in the first sentence. Be clear and concise.
Use headings (see below), but don't forget to use paragraphs. Check every sentence to make sure that it is clear and necessary toward the focus of your topic. No tangents!
This is not a "wrap up." This is where you use your own critical thinking skills to synthesize the information in your paper and to draw some conclusions or discuss your findings
Check your APA manual for proper formatting. I'm still seeing mistakes!
|Look above under "Research Paper Content." Did your classmates follow those guidelines?|
|Was the paper clear and easy to understand?|
|Did you learn something?|
|Did he/she cover the topic sufficiently so that you were thoroughly informed?|
|Was the text written in a scholarly manner - formal wording and structure?|
Don't just say "good job!"
Pretend that your friend has asked you to look over this paper before showing it to his/her boss. Your role is to help make it as good as possible.
Be specific. For example, refer to specific pages and paragraphs as in "On page 7, paragraph 3, you used 'their' instead of 'there'."
If you were confused or felt that you were missing something when reading a section, that is a sign that more explanation was needed or that something needed to be stated more clearly. If you had to read a paragraph more than once to 'get it,' you should ask yourself why.
Note: You must be on the Tarleton network to access articles on these sites. The easiest way to do this is to go to the Tarleton library first (www. tarleton.edu/library). Access to any of these databases from there requires your NTNET ID and Password which puts you on the network.
These are databases available to you from the Tarleton library
Oxford English Dictionary
Oxford Music Online
International Index to Music Periodicals Full Text
Paper fails to meet content requirements.
Paper appears to be hastily written
Arguments are unsupported
Exploration of the topic is superficial or contains numerous accuracies.
Movement between ideas is abrupt or illogical.
Introduction and/or conclusion are missing or incomplete.
Paper shows some knowledge of standard works in the field, but incorporates too much unsupported opinion.
Paper includes some inaccuracies.
Ideas are somewhat difficult to follow.
Introduction and/or conclusion are truncated or unclear.
Paper shows familiarity with standard works and terms in the field.
Readers may be left feeling that some aspects of the subject have not be explored.
Paper reviews what others have written about the topic.
Ideas are arranged logically.
Introduction and conclusion are clear.
Paper shows extensive knowledge of standard works and terms in the field.
Readers’ questions and objections are anticipated and answered.
Writer provides new information, clarity, or a unique perspective to scholarly discussion of topic.
The paper is organized, logical, and supported.
An inviting introduction and a noteworthy conclusion are present.
Unacceptable deviation from standard usage of grammar, tense agreement, or other sentence structure elements.
Multiple errors in grammar, tense agreement, or other sentence structure elements. Some words used incorrectly or multiple that require explanation.
Several errors in grammar, tense agreement, or other sentence structure elements. Some words used that are unclear or should have been explained.
Minimal errors in grammar, tense agreement, or other sentence structure elements. Occasional word is unclear or unexplained.
Writing is grammatical. Words selected create sentences that are clear, varied, complete, and uncluttered. Words are explained when necessary. Tenses agree, as do subject-pronoun, subject-verb, and pronoun-reference.
Audience Voice Tone
Unacceptable deviation from formal language and word usage.
Significant deviation from formal language and word usage.
Some deviation from formal language and word usage.
Minor deviation from formal language and word usage.
Writing is directed toward an academic audience and is free from clichés, jargon, inappropriate colloquialisms. Diction is formal, avoiding I and we, slang, and contractions.
Unacceptable number of errors in spelling, punctuation, capitalization, abbreviation, and numbers.
Multiple errors in spelling, punctuation, capitalization, abbreviation, and numbers.
Several errors in spelling, punctuation, capitalization, abbreviation, and numbers.
Minimal errors in spelling, punctuation, capitalization, abbreviation, and numbers.
Words are spelled correctly; rules of punctuation, capitalization, abbreviation, and numbers are observed.
Use of Sources
Material from other authors appears to have been cut-and-pasted into text.
Direct quotes often used unnecessarily and/or sentence fragments copied.
Direct quotes sometimes used unnecessarily.
Material from other authors is credited and used as supporting evidence.
Material from other authors is smoothly integrated into text.
Quotations are limited to statements that are particularly striking or examples in which the source’s precise wording is important.
Unacceptable adherence to APA style.
Many errors in APA style.
Several errors in APA style.
Minor errors in APA style.
Writing, source documentation, and references follow correct APA style.
Created and maintained by Vicky V. Johnson