Dick Smith Library
Born in Stamford, Texas, former Democratic Congressman Stenholm served Texas’ conservative 32 county, 17th District (Abilene) for 26 years.
• A member of the House Committee on Agriculture for his entire Congressional career, Stenholm became the committee’s ranking Democrat during his last 8 years ending in 2004. His papers include background material on crop subsidy and crop insurance legislation, speeches presented in Committee and on the House floor, copies of draft and final legislation and budgets, and summaries of legislative issues addressed in Congressional sessions.
• As a founder and co-chair of the Democratic Blue Dog Coalition, Stenholm was universally recognized for his abilities to forge good working relationships with moderate Republicans and to mobilize a “swing vote” of fiscally conservative House Democrats from states throughout the nation who were willing to vote with House Republicans usually in exchange for more favorable legislative language. The Stenholm papers trace the history of bipartisan alliances in agriculture, Social Security, energy, health care and balanced budget.
• During the 1980’s, Stenholm was a leader of the Boll Weevils, a coalition of southern members of the House who defected as a group from the Democratic party to vote with Republicans on budgetary and tax bills.
• As the result of a redistricting effort in the Texas Legislature during 2003, Stenholm’s existing district was split among three new districts. Most of his former territory, including his home in Abilene, was placed into the heavily Republican, Lubbock-based 19th district, while his cotton farm was thrown into the equally Republican Amarillo-based 13th district. Stenholm ran in the 19th district and was not re-elected.
Map of the District he served: